These are the asteroids to worry about

Stephen Hawking thought an asteroid impact posed the greatest threat to life on Earth. Thanks to Kiwico for sponsoring this video. For 50% off your first month of any crate, go to kiwico.com/veritasium50
For other potential world ending catastrophes, check out Domain of Science: ve42.co/DoS

Special thanks to:
Prof. Dave Jewitt from UCLA Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences
Prof. Mark Boslough from Sandia National Labs
Scott Manley: kgfilm.info
Ryan Wyatt at Morrison Planetarium
Prof. Amy Mainzer
Alexandr Ivanov for the opening shot of Chelyabinsk Meteor

Maps of Asteroid Impacts - ve42.co/Map

Time passing animation from Universe Sandbox - universesandbox.com/

Opposition Effect - ve42.co/Belskaya2000
Belskaya, I. N., \u0026 Shevchenko, V. G. (2000). Opposition effect of asteroids. Icarus, 147(1), 94-105.

Potentially Hazardous Asteroids - ve42.co/Perna2013
Perna, D., Barucci, M. A., \u0026 Fulchignoni, M. (2013). The near-Earth objects and their potential threat to our planet. The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 21(1), 65.

Survey of Potentially Hazardous Asteroids - ve42.co/NEOSurvey

Population Vulnerability - ve42.co/Rumpf2017
Rumpf, C. M., Lewis, H. G., \u0026 Atkinson, P. M. (2017). Population vulnerability models for asteroid impact risk assessment. Meteoritics \u0026 Planetary Science, 52(6), 1082-1102.

Size distribution of NEOs - ve42.co/Trilling17
Trilling, D. E., Valdes, F., Allen, L., James, D., Fuentes, C., Herrera, D., ... \u0026 Rajagopal, J. (2017). The size distribution of near-earth objects larger than 10 m. The Astronomical Journal, 154(4), 170.

2020 NEOWISE Data Release - ve42.co/NEOWISE

National Research Council Report- ve42.co/Defending
Board, S. S., \u0026 National Research Council. (2010). Defending planet earth: Near-Earth-Object surveys and hazard mitigation strategies. National Academies Press.

Tug Boat - ve42.co/Schweickart03
Schweickart, R. L., Lu, E. T., Hut, P., \u0026 Chapman, C. R. (2003). The asteroid tugboat. Scientific American, 289(5), 54-61.

Gravity Tractor 1 - ve42.co/Lu05
Lu, E. T., \u0026 Love, S. G. (2005). Gravitational tractor for towing asteroids. Nature, 438(7065), 177-178.

Laser Ablation - ve42.co/Thiry14
Thiry, N., \u0026 Vasile, M. (2014). Recent advances in laser ablation modelling for asteroid deflection methods. SPIE Optical Engineering+ Applications, 922608-922608.

Yarakovsky Effect - ve42.co/Yara

DART Mission - ve42.co/DART

Nuclear 1 - ve42.co/Ahrens92
Ahrens, T. J., \u0026 Harris, A. W. (1992). Deflection and fragmentation of near-Earth asteroids. Nature, 360(6403), 429-433.

Nuclear 2 - ve42.co/Bradley10
Bradley, P. A., Plesko, C. S., Clement, R. R., Conlon, L. M., Weaver, R. P., Guzik, J. A., ... \u0026 Huebner, W. F. (2010, January). Challenges of deflecting an asteroid or comet nucleus with a nuclear burst. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1208, No. 1, pp. 430-437). American Institute of Physics.

Researched and Written by Petr Lebedev, Jonny Hyman and Derek Muller
3D animations, VFX, SFX, Audio Mixing by Jonny Hyman
2D animation by Ivàn Tello
Intro animation by Nicolas Pratt
With Filming by Raquel Nuno

Music from epidemicsound.com "Stellar Dance" "Orbit" "That Notebook" "What We Discovered" "Out of Poppies" "Handwriting"
Images and video supplied by Getty Images

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  • i uant kiwico

    Fran ArizaFran Ariza45 мүнөт мурун
  • Oh yes, that old 'asteroid gonna hit Earth and destroy us all' theme. That's been going around for 50 years.

    Gort NewtonGort Newton2 саат мурун
  • Spending 27 years for the iron that doesn't exist? I finally understand how bitcoin works.

    S PS P4 саат мурун
  • 4.5 billion years of B.S. There is absolutely no proof that the earth is that old.

    Kitty HawkKitty Hawk6 саат мурун
  • What if we just blew it up multiple times until it no longer existed

    BigboikilljoyBigboikilljoy7 саат мурун
  • How does this have almost 11M views and only 245K likes. How hard is it to click Like? Even using the math of...you invite 100 people to a party and only 25 show up, there should be way more likes.

    David Devaney, Jr.David Devaney, Jr.9 саат мурун
  • I dont bother fearing asteroids. Its our core and the Sun im worried about.

    B DB D11 саат мурун
  • most of them they thought was a alien ufo and kept it silent lol

    Real TalkReal Talk15 саат мурун
  • Yeah sure that buildings were damaged by the external force

    thomas andersonthomas anderson16 саат мурун
  • yes we have but we rounding one times the sun in one year so its fast

    SOYLSOYL17 саат мурун
  • guys... just use two nukes duh

    Jude ChauhanJude Chauhan17 саат мурун
  • Excellent stuff, as usual!

    John McCallJohn McCall19 саат мурун
  • Maybe you should study how Spiderman shoots out his web and try it with aluminum.

    danmar007danmar00721 саат мурун
  • Just for fun: $1,000,000,000 in 1903 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $30,590,340,909.09 today

    danmar007danmar00721 саат мурун
  • The result was bad but the event was spectacular. Are we lucky to still be here? Or is our time here so short in cosmic time that we haven't been hit properly yet?

    danmar007danmar00721 саат мурун
  • The violet tendency hisologically fail because fridge delightfully need barring a zany quart. laughable, hilarious rhinoceros

    Paul ArriolaPaul ArriolaКүн мурун
  • The chemical stocking hemodynamically brake because brother shortly supply following a cowardly cinema. mindless, open page

    kun xaiikun xaiiКүн мурун
  • Dinosaurs was not wiped out by an asteroid. Gravity was much weaker then. A dinosaur would not be able to walk on this earth now

    Jan Martin UlvågJan Martin UlvågКүн мурун
  • Sorry cleaver guy. Planets don't collide. Go to the thunderbolt channel . You are smart but your information is wrong

    Jan Martin UlvågJan Martin UlvågКүн мурун
  • Oh noooooo! We are all gonna diiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiieeeeeeeeeeeee! Thalt shalt not fear asteroids, as they are only traveling 15,000-20,000 mph and will only kill you and a lot of others. Amen.

    Sonny DayzSonny DayzКүн мурун
  • Active detection? Massive radar or lidiar ping?

    FalstaffFalstaffКүн мурун
  • If it reforms why not a series of powerful bombs say even 100 bombs, wouldnt that at least reduce the mass by a good amount if not being totally successful?

    brant moreirabrant moreiraКүн мурун
  • 👍👍👍

    Meteorite Hunter  GemstoneMeteorite Hunter GemstoneКүн мурун
  • The disgusting address hemperly steer because child microcephaly arrange by a scintillating gemini. spiky, hoc whale

    Паша ЯрешкоПаша ЯрешкоКүн мурун
  • Yeah we fucked

    liam baronliam baronКүн мурун
  • you don’t know why I edited this I’m ready for 2029 lol

    Henry StickminHenry StickminКүн мурун
  • Evacuation would continue on foot though.

    Jetze SchaafsmaJetze SchaafsmaКүн мурун
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    Wilchasre CinporeWilchasre CinporeКүн мурун
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    Cortez StolzCortez StolzКүн мурун
  • Absolute ............ludicrous...........fake-news ..........nonsense!

    sequi- tursequi- turКүн мурун
  • Let’s just accept our fate as humans.

    Fortitude ValanceFortitude ValanceКүн мурун
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    darek klichdarek klich2 күн мурун
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    Robin CollinsRobin Collins2 күн мурун
  • Scientist: "We cannot evacuate a city within a week"?!?! what? cities are evacuated all the time within hours in the case of hurricanes and vulcanos. A normal city commutes a large percentage of the entire population in and out of the city twice a day.

    Jacob HøghJacob Høgh2 күн мурун
    • I agree. His comment about a car breaking down and completely stopping traffic, making evacuation impossible, wasn't very convincing. Don't cars break down on freeways every day?

      KingCobbonesKingCobbones14 саат мурун
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    She RatchetShe Ratchet2 күн мурун
  • 13:41 yeah, he's a Blink

    Sweet🍹MinamosaSweet🍹Minamosa2 күн мурун
  • This vid felt like a movie

    GOZ8gtGOZ8gt2 күн мурун
  • The petite cricket intriguinly hum because deal pragmatically force above a debonair transaction. robust, hallowed technician

    Zerk SalibaZerk Saliba2 күн мурун
  • we have thousands of satellites orbiting the earth and non of them can detect a comet coming at us

    John MitchellJohn Mitchell2 күн мурун
  • I really liked this guy! Do we have any more content with him?? What a smart, down to earth man, I just really like his personality and the way he speaks. He also reminds me of Bill Nighy

    kaylor87kaylor872 күн мурун
  • We are on borrowed time if the pandemic don't finish us off a 100 other unknowns will

    John MitchellJohn Mitchell2 күн мурун
  • So who’s pitching these 1 meter asteroids at Earth? We gotta find that person and kill them and then we won’t have an asteroid problem. Easy.

    Krispy Boi916Krispy Boi9162 күн мурун
  • *10km meteor* : is about to hit the earth Omniman: pathetic.

    Geeky GamerGeeky Gamer2 күн мурун
  • this guy is so cool....something about him

    Andwele HarrisAndwele Harris2 күн мурун
  • 'Let me put your mind at ease, we could die in so many more ways'

    Peter BonnemaPeter Bonnema2 күн мурун
  • Easy we make a 10 GW laser on the moon and power it using nuclear fusion! Just need a lot of time and money.

    Phonzo CisnePhonzo Cisne2 күн мурун
  • To be fair, blowing up a 10km asteroid into a handful of 1km pieces would still be far better than dealing with a 10km impactor. It would be the difference between millions of lives, and billions of lives.

    RobNoxiousPlaysRobNoxiousPlays2 күн мурун
  • 6:16 why do I need to keep an ion near me?

    RottenApple__RottenApple__2 күн мурун
  • Lol i wonder if the dinosaurs watched the skies and thought about their impending doom? wasted energy if you ask me, other than saving a very select few there really is nothing humanity could do to negate a collision from space, fact is we probably wont be able to even save those select few due to not actually detecting an asteroid. Until technology in this field actually becomes better its pointless to waste your breath worrying about it.

    Pillsnpie GamingPillsnpie Gaming2 күн мурун
  • Surviving a major asteroid is like surviving World War 3. Nothing can be done but live like there is no tomorrow.

    Paul HaydenPaul Hayden2 күн мурун
  • No such thing as asteroids...man made. Manufactured deceit.

    P.GaudetteP.Gaudette2 күн мурун
  • "That's the oldest thing you'll ever see". Nay. Look up bro.

    MagnemmarMagnemmar2 күн мурун
  • The vivacious beam singly wipe because hand explicitly heal midst a descriptive chest. jumpy, motionless partner

    Christian LinChristian Lin2 күн мурун
  • Well, statistically, dyeing due to an asteroid impact is probably low enough that worrying about it is like worrying about dyeing from a thunder on a sunny day. Not saying its not scary in terms of what it can do, but I got real problems to deal with on a daily basis. Based on the Risk matrix, asteroids are less problematic than house accidents.

    dosdurosdosduros2 күн мурун
  • I was scratching my head till I realised he reminds me of Bill Nighy You're welcome.

    Amrit MehtaAmrit Mehta3 күн мурун
  • @Toxic Conversation Now there's an excellent question: *_"Just how far away would you need to be in order to survive the Initial Impact of a meteor ⊕..?"_* Assuming an equivalent • Composition: *Nickel / Iron / Silicates* *5,000kg/m³* • Velocity: *17 km/s* • Impact Angle: *60°* • Epicentre: *Mid-Pacific* • Surface Material: *Water of 4km* *Average Depth* for each projectile. *Diameter of Projectile* 10 Metre: 20 Metre: 50 Metre: 100 Metre: 500 Metre: 1 Kilometre: 10 Kilometre: ? Kilometre: Too Big: *Nowhere on Earth* ⊕ NB: _Putting aside the secondary effects of high altitude ejecta bombardment, rapid atmospheric temperature rise & post impact "nuclear" winter._

    ninthRingninthRing3 күн мурун
  • 16:13 But it's spinning. Like this 15:38 You'd need to wrap it along the axis

    AlepapAlepap3 күн мурун
  • 6:47 UNIVERSE SANDBOX

    EPIC GAMEREPIC GAMER3 күн мурун
  • what if u made a sword out of an asteroid that would be epic

    SpeedowagonSpeedowagon3 күн мурун
  • better start digging now

    Rodel ServinoRodel Servino3 күн мурун
  • How many times he said "hopeless"

    Leonard BrilloLeonard Brillo3 күн мурун
  • So Greenland is true? Lol

    Dylan ValentiDylan Valenti3 күн мурун
  • 15:06, I barely agree on what he says. "They expand out, not very quickly and the gravity pulls them back together again." As of my knowledge the the acceleration would be much greater than the gravity of the asteroid. Somebody please make me understand.

    Janak NepalJanak Nepal3 күн мурун
  • comets much more of a threat ,,

    mike fugatemike fugate3 күн мурун
  • a.i. is the biggest threat we face

    mike fugatemike fugate3 күн мурун
  • When you hit 10 million subs, could we maybe get a camera tripod for the interviews? :)

    Ken NorthKen North3 күн мурун
  • wondering where the most important character in Matrix gets the name....heheh? was that time? quincidence?

    krasnal z lasukrasnal z lasu3 күн мурун
  • By exploding a astroid into rubble, that increases the surface area for it to be heated up

    TakoTako3 күн мурун
  • "asteroids are not very big". It was my understanding that the whole definition of an asteroid is that it is a LARGE rocky body. Meteoroids are the small ones.

    Wolfsbane 123Wolfsbane 1233 күн мурун
    • Yes compared to other little rocks it could be considered big but compared to the planets/stars in space, they're miniscule.

      nacsnacs3 күн мурун
  • I think I have a practicable idea to avoid Dino-Killers

    Christian MatheiChristian Mathei3 күн мурун
  • "France or Germany. My two favorits" to get hit my a meteor?

    garcipatgarcipat3 күн мурун
  • if a big meteor was coming to earth that would take out the whole world. I would send a space rocket up to space with the strongest bomb in the world

    BenRexioBenRexio3 күн мурун
  • Scientists: we gotta plan something.... These 2 guys: lol we're fucked

    GrimmOfficialGrimmOfficial3 күн мурун
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    Vo The QuyenVo The Quyen3 күн мурун
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    Ryleigh BakerRyleigh Baker3 күн мурун
  • I came here from sperm whales potentially clicking people to death by accident... Gotta love that summer hole.

    Failed SocietyFailed Society3 күн мурун
  • At the end when the expert is saying there is nothing we can do if a killer asteroid was coming to earth. This is a lie because all the countries of the world would unite together to find a solution because everyone’s life dependeds on it.

    Adam O'SheaAdam O'Shea3 күн мурун
  • Cannot get over how cool it is that meteorites vaporized when making impact. That model you showed is awesome!

    Ian WIan W3 күн мурун
  • Sweden will be fine cause… *das a spicy meatball*

    William McCoyWilliam McCoy3 күн мурун
  • Damn I got lil too excited until he said we have 0 chance of getting hit by an asteroid.

    Felix LingFelix Ling4 күн мурун
  • Boom Boom Boom Booom

    Gold Lock FishGold Lock Fish4 күн мурун
  • Why worry? You’ll know or not know when it hits.

    Chris MarzarellaChris Marzarella4 күн мурун
  • The Video was brilliant!! I want to be an astronaut..... Still 18:27 It got me more scared

    Vihang DalalVihang Dalal4 күн мурун
  • Silly guy holding the piece of rock and giving it a time label.

    EL NOODLEEL NOODLE4 күн мурун
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    Resat OzturanResat Ozturan4 күн мурун
  • This is exactly why Elon wants humanity to be multiplanetary

    Chain FrostChain Frost4 күн мурун
    • A lot of people besides Elon would like that too. Trouble is that we don't have a way to do it. Even creating a self-sustaining underground system on Earth is probably beyond our ability to do. If we could, that would be the best defense to most natural disasters.

      MiranoxMiranox3 күн мурун
  • Why not blow it up in a way to remove it's kinect energy (even if it's a pile of rubble) and then use rockets to change the trajectory of the dangerous fragments?

    Giovanni ParaizoGiovanni Paraizo4 күн мурун
  • Am I the only one watching this and kept looking up at the sky 🤣😂

    BluuWuuBluuWuu4 күн мурун
  • I couldn’t watch the dinosaur extinction it was so sad 😭

    SeemaSeema4 күн мурун
  • Do not worried for the world will not end but us the human beings will, n is coming real soon.

    Thug LifeThug Life4 күн мурун
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    Elliott EllaElliott Ella4 күн мурун
  • luckily i think we have enough impacts to worry us into thinking about an answer, coupled with a rarity that will give us time to come up with an answer by the time something really dangerous occurs, the atmosphere and the general trakrctories so far seem to make real disasters very unlikely.

    Harry NicholasHarry Nicholas4 күн мурун
  • This is kind of scary, but its comforting to remember that the majority of the earth's surface is water, and an even smaller minority of land is colonized by humans.

    Aimai AiAimai Ai4 күн мурун
  • Why do people scare others like this. No wonder anxiety is a thing.

    Elyceus ArtElyceus Art4 күн мурун
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    Jamie LeonJamie Leon4 күн мурун
  • What about going underground? Would that save us?

    Qui-Gon JinnQui-Gon Jinn4 күн мурун
  • Welp. Tbh. City aras are really small on planet. Asteroid prob. would hit the Ocean or desert. Most of aseroids hits the ocean so only biger one like 10km will be seriously dangerous cuz that doesnt matter where hits

    Jan TomaszewskiJan Tomaszewski4 күн мурун
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    Ward KlinglerWard Klingler4 күн мурун